A mistake that is common combining sentences utilizing the – ing

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A mistake that is common combining sentences utilizing the – ing

Dangling Modifiers

A typical error whenever combining sentences with the – ing verb form would be to misplace the modifier such that it isn’t logically attached to the rest of the sentence. This produces a modifier that is dangling . Glance at the example that is following

Running over the parking great deal, my breathing expanded shallow and ragged.

In this phrase, running over the parking area appears to change my breathing. Since breathing cannot jog, the phrase ought to be rewritten so your topic is put soon after the modifier or put into the dangling expression.

Running over the parking great deal, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences could be combined utilizing an – ed verb type— stopped, finished, played. To utilize this process, one of many sentences must have a form of be as a assisting verb besides the – ed form that is verb. Take a good look at the following example:

Initial sentences: The Jones household had been delayed by a traffic jam. They arrived hrs after the celebration began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by a traffic jam, the Jones household arrived hours that are several the celebration began.

Into the original variation, was will act as a assisting verb —it does not have any meaning on it’s own, nonetheless it acts a grammatical function by putting the key verb ( delayed) into the perfect tense.

To get in touch two sentences having an – ed modifier, drop the assisting verb ( ended up being) and also the topic ( the Jones family) from the phrase with an – ed verb type. This kinds a modifying expression ( delayed by way of a traffic jam) which can be put into the end or beginning associated with the other phrase in accordance with which fits well. Much like the – ing modifier, be mindful to position the term that the expression modifies soon after the expression to prevent a modifier that is dangling.

Using ing that is – ed modifiers often helps streamline your writing by drawing apparent connections between two sentences. Have a look at exactly how Naomi might utilize modifiers inside her paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to draw a link between the government’s decision to bail the banks out as well as the results of that decision—the acquisition of this mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another strategy that authors utilize to mix sentences is join them utilizing a clause that is relative. a general clause is a group of terms which has a topic and a verb and defines a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by responding to concerns such as which one? or the type? Relative clauses start out with a pronoun that is relative such as for instance who, which, where, why, or whenever. See the examples that are following

Initial sentences: The handling manager is visiting the business in a few days. He lives in Seattle.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, whom lives in Seattle, is visiting the business a few weeks.

The subject of one of the sentences ( he) for a relative pronoun ( who) to connect two sentences using a relative clause, substitute. Thus giving that you clause that is relative who lives in Seattle) which can be put beside the noun it defines ( the managing manager). Make sure to keep consitently the phrase you intend to stress while the primary clause. As an example, reversing the clause that is main subordinate clause when you look at the preceding phrase emphasizes where in actuality the handling manager life, not the fact he could be visiting the business.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, that is visiting the business a few weeks, everyday lives in Seattle.

General clauses are a good means of supplying additional, nonessential information in a phrase. Have a look at just exactly exactly how Naomi might include clauses that are relative her essay.

Notice how a underlined clauses that are relative be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing this is associated with phrase.

To check on the punctuation of relative clauses, assess whether or perhaps not the clause could be removed from the sentence without changing its meaning. In the event that clause that is relative perhaps maybe maybe not necessary to this is associated with the phrase, it ought to be put in commas. In the event that general clause is necessary to this is regarding the phrase, it generally does not need commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is just term or number of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives into the writing is a way that is useful of sentences which can be too quick and choppy. Take a good look at the following example:

Initial sentences: Harland Sanders began serving food for hungry people in 1930. He’s Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised sentence: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started serving food for hungry people in 1930.

When you look at the revised phrase, “the Colonel” is definitely an appositive since it renames Harland Sanders. The noun and turn it into a phrase to combine two sentences using an appositive, drop the subject and verb from the sentence that renames. Observe that within the example that is previous the appositive lies right after the noun it defines. An appositive may anywhere be placed in a sentence, however it must come straight before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a badly trained athlete, had not been likely to win the battle.

Appositive before noun: a badly trained athlete, Scott had not been likely to win the battle.

Unlike general clauses, appositives will always punctuated by way of a comma or a group commas. Take a good look at the way in which Naomi utilizes appositives to http://www.bestwriter.org incorporate facts that are additional her essay.


All on your own sheet of paper, rewrite the sentence that is following as one phrase utilizing the methods you have got discovered in this part.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups may be created in just one of 3 ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean may be the world’s largest ocean. It stretches through the Arctic into the north towards the Southern Ocean into the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won gold that is eight into the 2008 Olympics. He could be a champ swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that the pair of them will have a complete great deal in accordance.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It’s then offered to chocolate-processing businesses at the Coffee, glucose, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share having a classmate and compare your responses.

Writing at the job

As well as sentence that is varying, give consideration to varying the kinds of sentences you are utilizing in a study or other workplace document. Many sentences are declarative, but a very very very carefully put question, exclamation, or command can pique peers’ interest, no matter if the subject matter is fairly dry. That is amazing a budget is being written by you analysis. Beginning a rhetorical question to your report, such as “Where is our cash going?” or “How can we increase product sales?” encourages individuals to keep reading to find the answers out. While they should really be utilized sparingly in academic and expert writing, concerns or commands work well rhetorical products.

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